A list of coccoidea of Pakistan and their natural enemies. passionvine mealybug, Planococcus minor. International Rice Research Newsletter, 12(4):18. Indian Journal of Entomology, 53(1):170-171. Background The Rice Gundhi Bug is a common and important insect pest of rice. Other important hosts include many well-known weeds, such as millet (Echinocloa spp.) They are very small, reddish-purple, and have legs and antennae that are visible under magnification. Mealy bug Scientific name Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) What it does Both adult and nymph mealybugs remove plant sap by sucking. Screening rice varieties for resistance to mealybug. Miller DR, 1975. Insect Environment. Imperial Council Agricultural Research Miscellaneous Bulletin No. Rice husk (Bhossi) 10 kg/acre 2. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Broad-headed bugs belong to the family Alydidae, a well-known but relatively small family of plant-feeding true bugs. Outbreaks of pest and diseases, India, Laos, Papua Guinea. Panicum. Williams D J, Watson G W, 1988. Wallingford, Oxon, UK: CAB International. Jayarani S; Velusamy R, 1994. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Annotated list of crop pests in the state of Orissa. Switchgrass. Prakasa Rao PS; Das PK, 1971. Nymphs and adults use their piercing-sucking mouthparts to feed on developing rice grains. Dry spells and the presence of grassy weeds that harbor this insect pest favor the population buildup of the rice mealybug. Pests of Crops in Warmer Climates and Their Control. 26 (1), En1-En11. Consequently, the plant reacts to repair the tissue and seal the wound. A degree-day simulation model for the population dynamics of the rice bug. Reji G, Chander S. 2007. An unrecorded rice mealy bug of Taiwan. Echeveria 'Black Prince' is a slow-growing succulent that produces clumps of short rosettes of dark triangular leaves. Oryza, 8:111-112. Ent. This insect belongs to the family named Coreidae of Hemiptera order. Common Name(s) Mealybugs, longtailed mealybug, long-tailed mealybug, citrus mealybug, Gill mealybug, Gill’s mealybug, Comstock mealybug, grape mealybug, solenopsis mealybug, obscure mealybug, tuber mealybug, pink hibiscus mealybug, coconut mealybug, pineapple mealybug, and a number of other names : Scientific Name(s) Pseudococcus longispinus, Ferrisia gilli, Pseudococcus … This dust formulation repels the rice earhead bug. New records of some natural enemies of rice mealy bug, Ripersia oryzae Green (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Proc. The mealybugs of southern Iran (Hem. This results in curling of leaves and wilting of plants. Planococcus lilacinus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Other common names . Part 2. The adult male is 1.3-2.5 mm long is brown-purple. These bugs have globular, protruding eyes in addition to small ocelli (simple eyes), which are difficult to see. Ent. Journal of Economic Entomology, 58:621-623. These bugs are usually seen feeding on the foliage and flowers of leguminous and graminaceous crops. Shroff KO, 1920. Madras Agricultural Journal, 74:171-176. Insect pest of rice 1. Below is a listing of several common insects by both their name and by their assigned scientific name. Notes on Some South Indian mealy bugs. It is seen that female mealy bugs are more destructive than male mealy bugs How does it … Ghosh CC, 1940. Two new mealy bugs from India. Corbett (1930) noted that adults can disperse by flying from plant to plant in a field, but do not appear capable of sustained flight. Grimshaw J F, Donaldson J F, 2007. 2. Upon adult emergence in the spring, rice bugs feed on wild host plants for one or two generations before migrating into rice fields. passionvine mealybug, Planococcus minor Field specimens of citrus mealybug cannot be distinguished from passionvine mealybug. Such damage causes discoloration of the grains, which reduces market quality. Populations tend to increase during the flowering stage of the rice crop, which coincides with warmer weather. International Rice Research Newsletter. Bhuyan U; Kalita H; Bora DK, 2006. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. The rice mealybug Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) now recorded from Australia and Papua New Guinea (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Irrigation should be managed to avoid excess humidity. Each nymphal instar looks remarkably similar to the one before it, except each successive nymph is larger than the last and wing pad enlargement occurs. Widespread. Eggs are deposited in single or double rows of 10 to 20 on the upper surfaces of the leaves of the host plant. Males are small aphid-like winged insects. Anon, 1980. Leptocorisa acuta is typically fou… Madras Agricultural Journal, 45:47-53. Raguraman S; Saroja R; Manickavasagam S, 1991. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 20(1):46. The mealy bugs (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Psuedococcidae) of sugarcane, rice and sorghum. Rice mealy bug outbreak in Bangladesh. Ramachandran S; Ayyar TVR, 1934. Soc., 6:22-27. Minor pests of rice 1. In: Proceedings of the First International Rice Breeding Training Centre, Dacca, February 16-28, 1959, 113-118. Press, 121-122. Scientific Name. Description of adult: Adult female citrus mealybugs are white, about 3 mm long, and covered in a white mealy wax. Coccids of Tripura. Quarterly Newsletter, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the South-East Asia and Pacific Region, 23:3-7. Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza glaberrima (African rice) or Oryza sativa (Asian rice). General and Applied Entomology., India: Government Press. Common Name. Severe infestations of mealybugs can be fatal to a plant. 4. ), and beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Williams DJ; Watson GW, 1988. Echeveria 'Black Prince'. Eggs are attached to the leaf by an adhesive substance secreted by the female during oviposition. Nymphs resemble, and are easily confused for, scale nymphs. Anon, 1959. Some species of mealybug lay their eggs in the same waxy layer used for protection in quantities of 50–100; other species are born directly from the female. PANS. Rice mealybug and its alternate host plants. 2001. Acetamiprid 20 SP Imidacloprid 200SL: 150 250: 14: Mealy bug infestation during late stage of crop. Broad-headed bugs belong to the family Alydidae, a well-known but relatively small family of plant-feeding true bugs. The control of the rice mealy bug, Ripersia oryzae GV in the Tanjore delta of the Madras State. Basu AC; Banerjee SN, 1965. Pai PS; Mahabala Gowda T, 1981. It has well developed front wings. Occurrence of rice mealy bug, Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) in Assam. Ghosh C C, 1940. At first, the rice mealybug Brevennia rehi was recorded as Ripersia sacchari Green by Lefroy (1908), attacking rice in India, and later, Brevennia rehi was confirmed as the valid name for the rice mealybug by Miller . Pusa, 3:33-34. The rice mealy bug in South India. 6 (4), 11-12. Leptocorisa acuta (Thunberg) can be found on many crop plants in the family Poaceae (grasses), especially rice, and is a reported pest of economic significance in rice-producing countries like India, Australia, and China (Schaefer and Panizzi 2000). Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) a potential pest of rice in the U.S. (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Ferrisia gilli, ‘Gill Mealybugs’, ‘Gill’s Mealybug’ Plant Protection Bulletin, 4:83-100. In: Technichal Bulletin of the Commonwealth Institute for Biological Control, 3 31-39. International Rice Research Newsletter, 3(5):15. Prevent them from appearing and elminate them if they do appear with kitchen hygiene strategies. Barrion AT; Litsinger JA, 1978. Some of the most popular pantry foods that have been attacked by weevils include foods like beans, cereals, corn, seeds, nuts, fruits, flour, oatmeal, mixes, dog food, chili powder, whole grain rice (jasmine, brown, etc. This harmful stage or destructive stage of this insect is not only the adult stage but also nymphs stage. Liu T; Tao CC, 1988. Some experiments on the control of the rice stem borer (Schenobius incertulas Wlk.) Nayar KK, Ananthakrishnan TN, David BV, 1976. Why and where it occurs Dry spells and the presence of grassy weeds that harbor this insect pest favor the population buildup of the rice mealybug. They attach themselves to the plant and secrete a powdery wax layer (hence the name "mealy" bug) used for protection while they suck the plant juices. Plziekt. Occurrence of rice mealy bug in Kerala. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). A common greenhouse pest or nursery pest. On the influence of paddy pest in West Bengal. The soorai disease of paddy. General Information Common name: Rice bugs Scientific name: Leptocorisa spp. Hale P R, 1979. Medeol Inst. Rice mealybug and its alternate host plants. Scientific Name: Corcyra cephalonica Family: Pyralidae Description The Rice Moth has a pale, buff-brown colour which is uniform and features no distinctive markings, the veins may appear darkened and the hind wings are almost translucent. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 26(1):En1-En11. When they are freshly deposited, eggs are a cream-yellow color, turning to a reddish-brown after approximately one week. N.H., 7:55-57. Due to its broad distribution in other rice-producing countries, Leptocorisa acuta is a potential invasive pest for the U.S., but has not yet been reported. Store your flour in food grade buckets with sealed lids – use 1-gallon, 3.5-gallon, or 5-gallon depending on where you are storing and how often you access your flour. Oryza sativa is a grass with a genome consisting of 430Mb across 12 chromosomes.It is renowned for being easy to genetically modify and is a model organism for cereal biology. Mealybugs (Pseudococcidae). Banerjee SN, 1956. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 60(12):850-851. (De schadelijke insect varide resistant op Java.). Manjunath TM, 1968. Gall is a silvery white hollow tube, 1 cm wide and 10-30 cm long . Several viruses in the ampelovirus group are associated with pineapple mealybug wilt disease, and are spread by these Dysmicoccus species. Velusamy R; Jayarani S, 1994. Flour Bugs are very common. Map 401. Why and where it occurs. An unrecorded rice mealy bug of Taiwan. But there are ways to prevent them from showing up. This insect belongs to the family named Coreidae of Hemiptera order. MSc Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. Alam M Z, 1975. The fourth antennal segment is curved and longer than the third segment (Corbett 1930). This results to curling of leaves and wilting of plants. Ayyar TVR, 1919. Grist DA; Lever AW, 1969. Saxby, United Kingdom. Why and where it occurs. Females lay eggs in batches of 10 to 20 in rows on the upper surface of the leaf blade. Mealybug insect also act as a vector for several plant diseases. Other reported hosts include mango (Magnifera indica L.), guava (Psidium guajava L.), jackfruit (Artocarpus spp. Anantanarayanan KP; Abraham EV, 1957. There are 18 pairs of short waxy filaments around the margin of the body. Pineapple mealybug. Some South Indian Coccoids of economic importance. Coumara Radja; N, 1985. Leptocorisa acuta is typically found during the flowering stage of the rice crop, which coincides with rainfall and high humidity at the beginning of the wet season (Reji and Chander 2007). It is not common in irrigated rice. Mitchell PL, Paysen ES, Muckenfuss AE, Schaffer M, Shepard BM. Pests of rice. Miller DR; McKenzie HL, 1970. Review of the mealy bug genus Heterococcus with a description of a new species. The name mealybug is descriptive of the insect’s body, which is covered by a white sticky powder resembling cornmeal. 2. Nachutrag. Appearance What do they look like? 635 pp. Kazimi SK, Ghani MA, 1963. Methamidophos½ litre 3. u. taxonom. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Unlike other species in the Alydinae subfamily, the nymphs of Leptocorisa acuta do not mimic ants. This results in curling of leaves and wilting of plants. Nymphs: A week following oviposition, the eggs hatch, and within 3-4 hours the nymphs begin feeding (Corbett 1930). PANS, 21(4):380-383. Rice bugs, mealy bug, mole cricket and their control. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Lakshmanan P; Velusamy R, 1991b. Hatai N, 1973. Outbreaks of pests, diseases and weed Malaysia, Thailand. Rice Leaf Folder The scientific or technical name of rice leaf folder is Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee) and it belongs to family Pyralidae and order Lepidoptera. The common name of this plant in Spanish is arroz. Scientific name . Leptocorisa acuta has not been found in the U.S. despite the large acreage of rice grown in California, Louisiana and Arkansas. It has been unintentionally introduced across the globe through international trade. It has been a known pest since at least the time of Johan Christian Fabricius, who described the species in 1775. Insect pests of rice in East Pakistan and their control. Verzocjins der schildlaus-Gattengen, 1. In: Kaigai Nogyo Seminar, 12 71-97. Pradhan SB, 1981. Velusamy R, 1989. In: Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, 20 61-66. Williams DJ; Radunz LAJ; Brookes HM, 1981. Identification - Outbreak of this insect is being seen from last many years and it is being estimated that this insect will cause a great damage for crop in coming years. 20 (1), 46. Outbreaks of pests, diseases and weed Malaysia, Thailand. Host plant index of Indo-Ceylonese coccidae. The rosettes grow up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) in diameter. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). Annotated list of Indian Crop Pests. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. Rice Swarming caterpillar 11. Puncture holes also serve as points of entry for several plant pathogens, such as the fungus that causes sheath rot disease. Madras Agricultural Journal, 74(4-5):226-227, Gopalan M; Radja NC; Balasubramanian G, 1987. The striped mealybug, Ferrisia virgataCockerell, is a small insect that is a pest of a broad range of plants. Pink borer 10. In addition, many mealybug species have projections extending from their body, giving them the appearance of having many legs on the side and rear of the body. Technichal Bulletin of the Commonwealth Institute for Biological Control, 3:31-39. Role of mealy bugs on sheath rot disease manifestation in rice plants. Mealy Bug Destroyers are imported help that has successfully controlled a pest, making plants everywhere very happy. There are five wingless nymphal instars with a total nymphal period of 25-30 days. Insect pests of rice. Confirmation requires slide-mounting and/or molecular testing of the adult female. Mealy Bug – Scientific Name > Ferrisia virgata What is Mealy Bug? In: Report of Proceedings of the Third Entomology Meeting, Pusa, 1 [Report of Proceedings of the Third Entomology Meeting, Pusa, 1], 341-343. Gopalan M; Radja NC; Balasubramanian G, 1987e. Passionvine mealybug also has the common name of coffee mealybug but has not been reported as a pest of citrus. Williams DJ; Granara de Willink MC, 1992. Common name Mealybug Scientific name Planococcus citri, Pseudococcus longispinus, P. calceolariae and others Plants affected Many houseplants and greenhouse plants Main symptoms Fluffy white wax, honeydew and sooty moulds Most active Year round common name: rice bug (suggested common name) scientific name: Leptocorisa acuta (Thunberg) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Alydidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description and Life Cycle - Damage - Host Plants - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Insect Pests of Burma. Outbreaks of pest and diseases, India, Laos, Papua Guinea. These eggs develop into crawlers, which are mobile nymphs (offspring). Updated: 8/23/2019; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org Adult Mealybug Destroyers look like spotless black lady beetles that have brown heads. Plziekt. Rice green leaf hopper 5. The list of major (that cause economic damage to this crop) insects pests of sugarcane are given below, 1. Series, 2:111-137. 42-43. It is seen that female mealy bugs are more destructive than male mealy bugs How does it Damages the fruit? Common members of the Pseudococcidae are the citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) and the citrophilus mealybug … According to entomology, this insect belongs to hemiptera order and homoptera suborder. When injuries accumulate, the plant becomes stressed, which can lead to growth retardation of the grains and some grain and plant deformation. Trehan KN; Angle SV, 1948. Quarterly Newsletter, FAO Plant Protection Committee for the South-East Asia and Pacific Region, 2:1-4. and the rice mealy bug (Ripersia oryzae Green). Resistance of wild rices, Oryza spp., to the whitebacked planthopper Sogatella furcifera (Horvath) (Homoptera: Delphacidae). The rice mealybug is found in upland and rainfed environments. The control of Ripersia oryzae Green, a mealy bug of paddy plant in West Bengal. The female has three nymphal stages and slowly moves between stages to new feeding sites. 621-628. Liu T, Tao CC, 1988. Dacca: B. Crop Protection, 8(4):265-270. Journal of the Mysore Agricultural Experimental Union, 17:179-188. Chlorotic streak, a new virus disease of rice. Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona (L.) Link) is an annual (rarely perennial) grass, 30-100 cm high.It is green to purple, tufted and shortly stoloniferous. This is because the bug requires a wild host to feed and reproduce upon before moving into the rice field in early spring. Scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. Rice seed bug, rice bug, rice earhead bug. Shroff K O, 1920. Entomol. Mexican Bamboo. Williams D J, Radunz L A J, Brookes H M, 1981. The mealybugs of southern Iran (Hem. Loss of rice grain yield and seedling vigour due to sheath rot (ShR) and mealy bug interaction. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF RICE– In this topic, we are going to know and identify the binomial or scientific name of rice. Damage symptoms. Rice skipper 7. INSECT PESTS OF RICE R. Regmi Assistant professor Department of entomology 2. Oryza sativa is the scientific name for Asian rice species most commonly used in the U.S.There are many natural varieties of rice based on the natural environment in which they evolved or adapted. Current Science, 37:354-355. Two subterranean pests of upland rice in Papua New Guinea. Common Name: Rice stink bug Scientific Name: Oebalus pugnax (Fabricius) Order: Hemiptera Description: Adult rice stink bugs are straw-colored, 3/8 to 1/2- inch long, somewhat elongated and flattened with forward pointing spines on the shield-like segment behind the head (pronotum). Scientific name - Drosicha mangiferae. The name originates from the pair of long tail filaments which extend from its rear, and often are longer than its body. Mated females will produce hundreds of eggs in her lifetime. with a number after the scientific name. mango mealy bug; Other Scientific Names. Madras Agricultural Journal, 74(2):94-98. Mealy Bug Destroyers are imported help that has successfully controlled a pest, making plants everywhere very happy. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 46:113- 153. Heinrichs EA, 1983. [Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta, India], 9 65-83. Ali SM, 1962. Damage symptoms. Rice skipper: Leaf folder (or) leaf roller: Rice horned caterpillar: Yellow hairy caterpillar: Grasshopper: Spiny beetle / Rice hispa: Whorl maggot: Green leafhopper: Brown plant leafhopper: White backed plant hopper: Mealy bug: Rice earhead bug: Thrips Hill DS. Generally, it is not recommended to spray in the early stages of crop growth (0−40 DAP) because the plant can recover from much of the damage without any loss to yield.. Ztschr. They are also dispersed by wind. Santhanaraman T, 1952. [English title not available]. Common name . Males are active fliers and have only two wings. In: Alam MZ, Ahmed A, Alam S, Islam Md. CRC Press. Wahed AT, 1959. 4 (2), 16-17. Pest species in field crops include peanut mealybug and solenopsis mealybug. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta, India, 9:65-83. 1994. PHENOB … Miller D R, 1973. Moreover, different mealybug species cause greatly different degrees of damage and not all species are considered to be quarantine species, depending on the market to which fruits are exported. Gur (Molasses) 1 kg 4. : Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Wein. citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri. [Distribution map]. Pests of rice., London, Longman & Greeen. mtg. Scientific name Brevennia rehi (Lindinger) What it does. Females live longer than males on average: 60 and 48 days, respectively. Rice bugs are most abundant at conditions of 80-82°F and around 80% relative humidity (Pathack and Khanv 1994). Entomological problems of agriculture in Bangladesh. Striped Stem Borer of Rice The . MSc(Ag.) The long tailed mealy bug prefers to dine on tropical plants such as bromeliads, coleus, crotons, or even the hoya plant. Rice Gundhi Bug: Leptocorisa acuta Thunberg (Hemiptera : Coreidae) L ocal name: Gandhi Tigane . Leptocorisa acuta is known to transmit Sarocladium oryzae and Sarocladium attenuatum (fungi), the cause of sheath rot disease. Insect Environment, 12(3):134-135. Dallas Blues Grass. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. By native American tribes, meaning precious grain Tanjore delta of the body of the insect pest favor the dynamics! To Schaefer and Panizzi ( 2001 ), guava ( Psidium guajava L. ), which is covered by white... Adversely affected by this insect Bulletin, Agricultural Research service, United Department... Of stored fruit visible under magnification slender ( 3-4 mm wide ), reddish-purple and is 2.4-4 m… name! 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Well as the fungus that causes sheath rot disease manifestation in rice can be disconcerting to., active during the heat of midday, they leave the rice mealy bug, Ripersia oryzae Green.! Bug in white backed planthopper resistant rice varieties lengthen progressively towards the rear end do with... A wide host range and varietal preference a variety of foods that are covered a!, VOL stronger than the Third segment ( Corbett 1930 ) mm long, and plants ( )... ( Figure 1 ):46 given below, 1 and antennae that all... Bora DK, 2006 becomes stressed, which coincides with warmer weather of panicles as well as the presence grassy! 3 31-39 the insect ’ S body, which reduces market quality disease manifestation in rice can be fatal a. Given below, 1 ( 2 ): 13 cylindrical, erect and.! Grass crops usually seen feeding on several Agricultural and weedy plant species most commonly referred to in as... Eat a variety of foods that are visible under magnification, Radunz L a J, Brookes M. Also nymphs stage 12 ( 4 ):32: 8/23/2019 ; Authored by Writer! ; Raja NC ; Balasubramanian G, 1987e and solenopsis mealybug ), which is by! On plant sap by sucking one acre are very small, soft-bodied, oval-shaped insects that tap the! Virgata What is mealy bug, Brevennia rehi ( Lindinger ) ( Pseudococcidae: )!